Australia’s largest wine region, which produces more than a quarter of the national crush, is rarely listed on a wine bottle label and is not very well-known outside its home state of South Australia.
- The Riverland is home to 952 wine grape growers
- It was settled by returned WWI soldiers who had to learn how to farm
- The region produces 461,000 tonnes of wine a year on average
Some growers have made it their mission to transform the Riverland’s bulk-wine image, to showcase the high-quality wines it has to offer.
The reputation of producing large volumes of cheap cask wine dates back to the early days of the 20th century when the Riverland was still establishing itself as a fruit bowl.
Soldiers become first-time farmers
Reginald De Laine was a returned WWI soldier who had to learn how to farm after being placed on a block in the Riverland settlement of Winkie, not long after the war ended.
His son, Alan Delaine, who was born on the Winkie property 92 years ago, said grapes weren’t always the prize of the region and for a time, “citrus was king”.
“During WWII, the Americans, they liked their canned orange juice. And [growers] were making a lot of money out of it,” he said.
“But grapes when I was a kid, a lot of it was dried fruit.
The long-time Riverland resident said a unique scheme called the Berri Experimental Orchard allowed the returned soldiers to learn how to become first-time farmers.
“All the [returned soldiers], hadn’t done [much] fruit growing, they did quite a while at the orchard… they all had to learn how to prune,” he said.
“We had quite a lot of currants and some sultanas… but since the wine grape boom, the dried grape industry has virtually died.”
From hand-picking to machine harvesting
The focus on dried grapes quickly turned to wine grapes around the 1980s, when the Riverland shifted to different varieties and began to focus on export markets.
Cooltong wine grape grower Jack Papageorgiou moved to the region over 45 years ago and has been on his 34-acre property ever since.
He said, “sultanas and palominos” were the main varieties in the 60s, which has shifted to varieties such as shiraz and chardonnay today.
Mr Papageorgiou said there had also been a shift in production for the better, as his growing operation was now fully mechanised.
“We have been able to reduce our cost and leave a lot of stress and hard work back in the 60 and 70s, even in the 80s, we have come a long way,” he said.
Wine region looking to make its mark
As the industry grew, and export markets opened up, it’s come at a cost for the Riverland, which is often left off the label and continues to produce its grapes almost undetected.
Riverland Wine executive chair Chris Byrne said it was still a “contentious area” for the commercial region’s 952 growers.
He said the Riverland, Murray Valley and Riverina collectively produce 73 per cent of Australia’s wine and are all in a similar position.
“We have this system in Australia called appellation and it’s been an advantage for some of the larger producers to produce wine without recognising the actual regions,” Mr Byrne said.
He explained it gave them the ability to blend grapes and produce wine to their own specifications.
Mr Papageorgiou shared this concern, “I used to supply Jacob’s Creek, the grapes would go into the Barossa Valley and would be put in the Barossa Valley label.”
“At the moment people recognise the Barossa, Clare, Hunter Valley and other producers… but unfortunately, we’re not getting recognised as a marketing brand,” he said.
The Cooltong grower believed a balance was needed between recognising the region which produces 461,000 tonnes a year, and producing bulk wine for major companies.
“I think it’s up to us grape growers to keep pushing that message that we need to have our recognition as a region, that we produce high-quality wine.”
Alternative varieties trending
There’s been a recent shift, with small boutique wineries and producers trying to promote the Riverland, and with the challenge of climate change, winemakers are turning to alternative grape varieties.
Winemaker and owner of Delinquente Wine Co, Con-Greg Grigoriou, grew up in the Riverland and made it part of his mission to showcase the region to wine drinkers across the world.
“I wanted to champion the Riverland and highlight the fact that the fruit comes from single vineyards sources, are premium, lower-yielding and higher quality.”
The ethos of the young winemaker’s brand is to push boundaries, which he is already achieving on a worldwide scale.
“For younger generations that I’m predominantly marketing to… no-one knows where the Riverland is and they don’t have any of the stigma that may be related to that bulk production background,” he said.