If the consumption of wine in large quantities in 2020, labeled Covid, is a positive sign that tells about how much Bacchus nectar is in the world and part of everyday life, in some ways it was rediscovered and forcibly changed by a pandemic, on the other hand, it appears again clearly With the power of that in one year, a large portion of the hard-earned value of years of work and investments has been destroyed through the supply chain. A general trend valid around the world, with numbers indicating a slight decrease in total quantities, but not as much as values. A sign that less has been spent drinking the same thing, also due to the long (still almost total in Europe) shutdown of catering services, which, as easy to imagine, means that for the supply chain, from production to distribution, margins, Already in general it is not very high, it is further weakened. However, the positive elements can be isolated. Such as the significant growth in the volumes of wine consumed in Italy, the first producing country, which, despite the large and understandable focus on exports (which still ranks first in the world in terms of volume and second in terms of value), remains the third most important market in the world for volumes consumed, Whereas, many have regained, also due to the “mistake” of smart work and closure, the daily lost life in the relationship with wine, which could be an important basis for building recovery today, and the future tomorrow. It is a case of global wine art, which, like the rest of the economy and daily life, hopes for a complete and final exit from the epidemic, pictured by Oiv’s “Economic Memorandum of the Global Wine Sector in 2020”, illustrated today in Paris, in flow, from the director General Paw Roca. Figures show that in 2020, the epidemic, especially due to the Horeca crisis, cost the global wine trade 6.7% of the total value during 2019 (after continuous growth since 2010), with business falling to 29.6 billion euros and the volume of international trade dropping by -1.7 % To 105.8 million hectoliters. With global consumption totaling 234 million hectoliters, a decrease of -3%, a loss comparable to that of life in the global financial crisis of 2008/2009. On the other hand, global wine production (excluding essential juices and meals) remained broadly in line with 2019 (+ 1%), at 260 million hectoliters. Confirmation of excess production in relation to consumption, which remains one of the great topics in winemaking, and looking above all at the issue of price, the net possibilities associated with the epidemic.
Production data by country does not show any significant changes compared to the past. The European Union remains the number one global producer, with 165 million hectoliters (+ 8% in 2019), and Among the individual countries, Italy remains at the top, with 49.1 million hectoliters (+ 3% in 2019), ahead of France by 46.6 (+ 11%) and Spain by 40.7 (+ 21%), It is followed by the USA with 22.8 million hectoliters (-11%), Argentina, Australia, South Africa and Chile, all of which are just over 10 million hectoliters, and again, to complete the top ten, from Germany with 8.4 million hectoliters, and from China With 6.6. The biggest impact on Covid (as well as Brexit and tensions over tariffs between the United States, the European Union and China) is consumption, which has returned to its lowest levels since 2002. Even if Oiv is emphasized, given the margins of error in detecting a complex parameter such as that of consumed wine, the data must be taken with caution. In any case, the 27th European Union alone equates to 48% of global consumption, but with important differences, especially in terms of dynamics, between different countries. The United States remains the first market for total consumption (33 million hectoliters, as in 2019), and France remains stable despite the epidemic, at 24.7 million hectoliters. The country with an increase in the consumption of wine in the world is Italy, which reached 24.5 million hectoliters with a volume jump of 7.4%. Among the main consuming countries, Germany was also confirmed at the summit with 19.8 million hectoliters, stable, the United Kingdom with 13.3, up slightly + 2.2%, and then China, which decreased by -17. , 4%, to 12.4 million hectoliters, and again Russia (10 million hectoliters). In terms of exports, Italy remains the leader in terms of volume, (20.8 million hectoliters, -2.4%), Spain, (20.2 million hectoliters, -5.9%), France (13.6 million hectoliters, -4.9%), Chile (8.5 million hectoliters, -2.2%), Germany (3.4 million hectoliters, -10.3%) and South Africa (3.6 million hectoliters, -11.9%), all decreased. It grows while Australia (7.5 million hectoliters, + 0.5%), Argentina (4.0 million hectoliters, + 27.0%), USA (3.6 million hectoliters, + 1.8%), Portugal (3.1 million hectoliters, + 5.3%) and New Zealand (2.9 (Million hectoliters, + 6.0%) saw the positive sign compared to 2019. In terms of value, France confirms its leadership with 8.7 billion euros, despite a 10.8% loss (-1.1 billion euros in 2019), ahead of Italy by 6.2 million euros (-2, 4%) and Spain (2.6 billion euros, -3.4). . %), Then again Australia (1.7 billion euros, -2.3%), Chile (1.5 billion euros, -7.1%) and the United States (1.1 billion euros, -8.5%). The loss, between the two main exporters, is widespread. The only growing cases are New Zealand, at + 4.5%, against € 1.1 billion, and Portugal, + 3.3%, against $ 846 million. Even at the import level, after a fairly large devaluation has occurred everywhere, the balance of forces remains the same as always. With the United States at the top at € 5.1 billion (-10.8% in 2019, compared to a significant stability in volume, at 12.3 million hectoliters), ahead of the UK (€ 3.8 billion, -3.9%, with volume growth of + 4.2%). , To 14.6 million hectoliters) and Germany (2.5 billion euros, -2.4%, 14.1 million hectoliters, -5%). Three countries alone import 41 million hectoliters, or 39% of the global total, and move 11.5 billion euros, 38% of the total trade volume. Other major markets confirm Canada’s stability at 2019 levels (1.7 billion euros) and China at 1.6 billion euros, albeit with a 26.7% loss in value. Wine bottles (volumes under 2 liters) accounted for 53% of volumes and 70% of overall traded values in 2020, a share in line with the past two years. As is known, sparkling wines were particularly punished, losing -5% in terms of volume and -15% in value. An important fact, given that bubbles account for only 9% of world trade in wine in terms of quantity, but 19% in value. On the other hand, all formats increased between 2 and 10 liters, especially Bag-in-Box. A category still only equal to 4% of volumes exported worldwide, 2% of total value, but experienced growth of + 12% in volume and + 8% in value. On the other hand, the total volume of bulk wine export was stable (with double-digit growth for Argentina, New Zealand, USA and Australia, and significant decreases in Germany, Portugal, South Africa, Italy and Spagana), a category, although it accounts for 34% of the total volume of wine exports , Only 9% of the total.
Focus – chrome area of the world
In 2020, the area planted with vines, i.e. the total area planted with vines for all intended uses (wine, juices, table grapes and raisins), including young vines that have not yet been produced, is estimated at 7.3 million hectares. A generally stable figure, in recent years, at least since 2017, but hides heterogeneous developments in different regions of the world. In the northern hemisphere there is a general stability of the EU vineyards, which was confirmed for the seventh year in a row at 3.3 million hectares, also due to the maximum increase of 1% per member state as per European legislation.
Within the European Union, the most recent data available for 2020 indicates an increase in vineyards in France (797,000 ha, + 0.4% in 2019) and in Italy (719,000 ha, + 0.8% in 2019), while vineyard areas in Spain are decreasing ( 961 000 ha, -0.6% in 2019), Portugal (194,000 hectares, -0.2% in 2019), Romania (190,000 hectares, -0.4% in 2019), Bulgaria (66,000 hectares, -1.8% in 2019) and Hungary (65,000 hectares, -3.9% in 2019). The vineyard area in Germany remains stable in 2020 and is estimated at 103,000 hectares, an extension in line with the average of the past 20 years. In Eastern Europe, Moldova continues the negative trend that started in 2018, with the vineyard area being reduced to 140,000 hectares (-2% in 2019), which can be explained by the current process of restructuring and transformation of the vineyard. On the contrary, in 2020, the Russian Vineyard recorded a slight growth of 96,000 hectares (+ 0.6% in 2019). Vineyard in Turkey, the fifth largest field in the world (but largely dedicated to the production of table grapes, ed.), In 2020, for the seventh year in a row, decreased: -4.7000 hectares (-1, 1%), with a total area of 431 thousand hectares .
In East Asia, After a long period of great expansion (2000-2015), in 2020 it appears that the growth of Chinese vineyards (785,000 hectares, also in this case largely for table grapes, liberated) is slowing down again (+ 0.6% in 2019) year Fifth in a row. According to the results of the third national agricultural census in China, the data for the area under the vineyards were greatly revised, giving China the third place in the world for vineyards in 2019 and 2020, after Spain and France. In the United States, the vineyard has been decreasing steadily since 2013 and its surface in 2020 is estimated to be approximately 405,000 hectares.
This negative trend, particularly the steep decline in 2018, is related to the attempt to solve the problem of oversupply of grapes. In the Southern Hemisphere, the recent development of the vineyard region in the major grape-growing countries varies by region. In South America, the overall development of vineyards between 2019 and 2020 showed a negative trend that continues for the fifth year in a row. The first consequential vineyard is Argentina’s, which has experienced an average annual contraction of 1% since 2014. However, the decline in 2020 was only 0.2% compared to 2019, with an area of 215,000 hectares. The area of vineyards in Chile decreased (-1.2% in 2019) and it is estimated for 2020 about 207 thousand hectares. Brazil, with a shrinkage of nearly 1,000 hectares (-1.2% from 2019), stands at 80,000 hectares in 2020.
For the second year in a row, the vineyards in South Africa are not affected by major differences, reaching 122,000 hectares (-0.7% in 2019). This stabilization comes after a period, between 2015 and 2018, when droughts caused massive damage to the vineyards, drastically reducing their extension by more than 10,000 hectares (-8%). In Oceania, In 2020, the Australian vineyard remained stable at 146,000 hectares for the third year in a row, while in New Zealand it grew 2% from 2019, setting a new positive record of 40,000 hectares in 2020.